Prophet (PBUH)’S Last Sermon
The Great Charter of Human Rights
At CVSP we intend to Assisst all agencies and organisations that act to provide the individuals with their Rights.To follow what the Holy Prophet directed in his last surmon.
Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) reached Arafa on the day of Hajj and stayed there, till he asked for his camel, Kaswa, which he rode down to the valley. It was there where our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) the most learned man who ever lived, delivered his last sermon, which is also known as Khutba-e-Hujjat-ul-Wida.
"O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that he will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligations shall henceforth be waived. Your capital is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has, judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibne Abd ul Muttalib [the Prophet's uncle] be waived.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right, then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a nonArab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white - except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefore do injustice to yourselves. Remember one day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds. So beware: do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand my words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people."
References: (1) Muslim, vol:2, Hadith:456, (2) Bukhari, vol:1,Hadith:69,1670,1672,1673, vol:3,Hadith:1723
Equality of All Humans
He, Prophet (PBUH) said that Allah says all humans are equal to each other. He created you from one man and one female, then distributed you into tribes and nations. No-Arab has superiority over a non-Arab and no white has superiority over a black.
2. Observance of Rights
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) remarked towards the wrongdoers that on the Day of Judgement, they should not expect and come to Him for his help – only the ones who do good deeds will be able to do so.
3. Rights to Life
He (PBUH) said that whatever we, humans, make for ourselves in this world – property, honor, respect et cetera – it is all of value till we appear before Allah. He (PBUH) added that all this would not matter when we return to Allah.
4. Right of Protection of Property
Just as the Prophet (PBUH) was known as Ameen (the trusted) – all humans, if they are trusted must return whatever they have been asked t o take care of, to its rightful owners.
5. Rights of Society Members
He (PBUH) said that every Muslim is a brother of another, and together we form a brotherhood. The best example to this was the charter of Medina, brotherhood between the Ansar and Muhajireen.
6. Rights of Slaves and Servants
If you do have slaves or servants, he or she should eat the same food as you, wear the same clothes as you. An example of this feature was Hazrat Bilal (R.A) and his high podium in Islam.
7. Eradication of Lawlessness
He (PBUH) said that the days of ignorance were now long gone, revenge for blood was an abolished concept in our religion. He explained the example of Hazrat Ibn-Rabiah-bin-Haris (R.A) who was killed by the Hudayls – He, Himself, abolished the claim of blood revenge with this.
8. Protection Against Economic Exploitation
The Prophet (PBUH) said that all dues, financial, from the times of Paganism and ignorance were wiped out and did not count. Here, He (PBUH) stressed the example of His uncle, Abbas ibn-e-Abdul Mutalib and He (PBUH) remits all the dues his uncle was to receive – giving the notion a fresh start.
9. Right of Inheritance
The Prophet (PBUH) said that the law of inheritance had been laid down in Islam through Shariah – there was no need of special testament for an heir to claim his share.
10. Obedience of Law
He (PBUH) said that He was leaving behind a complete code of life which held all the needed laws, the Holy Quran, and to follow the religion within its bounds.
Thereupon, in the end, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) pointed his finger towards the skies and then his people and said: “O’ Lord! Bear Thou witness unto it!”
Source : parhlo.com